near

near
1 adverb, preposition
1 only a short distance from a person or thing: Bob was standing near enough to hear what they said. | Why don't you move your chair nearer mine? | near to: Don't sit too near to the screen. | go/come/get etc near (=to move near someone or something): Don't come any nearer - I have a gun. | As the car drew nearer I realised the man was a stranger.
2 come/be near (to) sth to almost do something or almost be in a particular state: She had what came near to a perfect singing voice. | come/be near (to) tears/death etc: Sarah was trembling, and near to tears. | come/be near to doing sth: Samuel came very near to rejecting the award before accepting graciously.
3 soon before a particular time or event: Near the day of the wedding she started to have second thoughts.
(+ to): Remind me nearer the time of the meeting. | draw near: As my birthday drew near, I began to dread being fifty.
4 near perfect/impossible etc almost perfect etc: The dye left a near transparent liquid on the surface of her skin.
5 (as) near as dammit BrE spoken used to say that something is very nearly true or correct: The repairs will cost us -1000, as near as dammit.
2 adjective
1 only a short distance away from someone or something: It's a beautiful house but it's 20 miles away from the nearest town. | We can meet at the pub or in the restaurant, whichever's nearer for you.
(+ to): Of course I've heard of the Littleton sports centre - it's near to my college.
2 if something is near something else, it is similar to it
(+to): It seems that his diaries are as near to the truth as we'll ever get. | Hyde Park is the nearest thing we have to the countryside round here. | It may not be an exact replica but it's pretty damn near.
3 a near disaster/collapse etc almost a disaster, a collapse etc: The factory has seen a near doubling of it's output this year alone.
4 be a near thing
a) if something you succeed in doing is a near thing, you manage to succeed but you nearly failed: They won the championship, but it was a near thing.
b) used to say that you just managed to avoid a dangerous or unpleasant situation: That was a near thing - that truck was heading straight for us.
5 be a near miss if a bomb, shot etc is a near miss it seemed as if it would hit something but did not
6 in the near future soon: They promised to contact us again some time in the near future.
7 to the nearest -10/hundred etc an amount to the nearest -10, hundred etc is the number nearest to it that can be divided by -10, a hundred etc: Give me the car mileage to the nearest thousand.
8
a) near relative/relation a relative who is very closely related to you such as a parent: You are only allowed time off if the funeral is for a near relative.
b) sb's nearest and dearest humorous someone's family
9 (only before a noun, no comparative)
a) used to describe the side of something that is closest to where you are: the near bank of the river
b) used when talking about the wheels on a vehicle to mean the one on the left side: the near wheel of a car
—opposite off 3 (3) —see also: nearly, nowhere near nowhere (4) — nearness noun (U) 3 verb
1 (T) to come closer to a particular place, time, or state; approach 1: Work is nearing completion. | The ship was nearing harbour.
2 (I) if a time nears, it gets closer and will come soon: He got more and more nervous as the day of his departure neared.

Longman dictionary of contemporary English. 2004.

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  • Near — or Near may refer to: Contents 1 Science, mathematics, technology, biology, and medicine 2 Geography 3 Lingu …   Wikipedia

  • Near — Near, a. [Compar. {Nearer}; superl. {Nearest}.] [See {Near}, adv.] 1. Not far distant in time, place, or degree; not remote; close at hand; adjacent; neighboring; nigh. As one near death. Shak. [1913 Webster] He served great Hector, and was ever… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • near — [nir] adv. [ME nere < ON & OE: ON nær, near (orig. compar. of nā ): OE near, nearer, compar. of neah, NIGH] 1. at or to a relatively short distance in space or time [summer draws near] 2. relatively close in degree; almost: now usually nearly… …   English World dictionary

  • Near — (n[=e]r), adv. [AS. ne[ a]r, compar. of ne[ a]h nigh. See {Nigh}.] 1. At a little distance, in place, time, manner, or degree; not remote; nigh. [1913 Webster] My wife! my traitress! let her not come near me. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Nearly;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • near — near; near·ish; near·ly; near·most; near·ness; near·sight·ed·ly; near·sight·ed·ness; …   English syllables

  • near — near, nearly Near has almost fallen out of use as an adverb meaning ‘almost’, and nearly serves this purpose: He was nearly dead with fright. Exceptions include near complete and near perfect: • Gunnell, captain of the British women s team,… …   Modern English usage

  • near- — /nēr / combining form Denoting almost, as in nearˈ white of a colour closely resembling white, and nearˈ silkˈ artificial silk * * * near UK [nɪə(r)] US [nɪr] prefix almost used with many nouns and adjectives It’s a near certainty (=it will… …   Useful english dictionary

  • NEAR — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Holly Near (* 1949), US amerikanische Sängerin NEAR ist die Abkürzung für: Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous, eine US amerikanische Raumsonde, siehe NEAR Shoemaker Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • near — [adj1] close by physically abreast, abutting, adjacent, adjoining, alongside, along toward, approximal, around, at close quarters, available, beside, bordering, burning, close, close at hand, close by, close shave*, conterminous, contiguous,… …   New thesaurus

  • Near — Near, prep. Adjacent to; close by; not far from; nigh; as, the ship sailed near the land. See the Note under {near}, a. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Near — Near, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Neared}; p. pr. & vb. n {Nearing}.] [See {Near}, adv.] To approach; to come nearer; as, the ship neared the land. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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